Home > Tawheed > Tawheed of Allah’s Names and Attributes (Asmaa wa Sifaat)

Tawheed of Allah’s Names and Attributes (Asmaa wa Sifaat)

Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifaat: Belief in Allah’s Names and Attributes

Allah says: “To Him belongs all the Best Names. All that is in the Heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise”.  (Surah Mumtahinah Ayah 24)

 Abu Hurayrah  narrates: “Allah has ninety-nine Names, and whoever believers in their meanings and acts accordingly will enter Paradise…”(Sahih Bukhari Vol.8 No 419)

Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifaat is to believe and affirm all the Names and Attributes of Allah found in the Qur’aan and the Ahaadeeth of Allah’s Messenger. The Names and Attributes of Allah should be accepted without any alteration, whether in words or meaning. They should be understood in the absolute sense and free from human deficiencies because the similarity between the attributes of Allah and mankind is only of name and not in degree. For example, Allah says: “That He may punish thehypocrites, men and women, and the pagan men and women, who have an evil opinion of Allah. A circle of evil is around them; Allah is Angry with them, curses them and has prepared for them an evil end”. (Surah Fath Ayah 6).

In this verse, Allah is described with the Attribute of Anger. It is wrong to believe that Allah’s Anger has any similitude to those of the humans. It is also wrong to change the meaning of the verse saying, ‘His Anger must mean His Punishment, because anger is a sign of weakness and weakness cannot be attributed to Allah etc… It is sufficient to believe in the Attributes of Allah and believe that “There is nothing like unto Him.”(Surah Shurah Ayah 11).

The Names and Attributes of Allah should be accepted and affirmed without inquiring about their exact nature. Believing in their apparent meaning is an obligation and deeply reflecting about Allah is an innovation, as the Messenger of Allah (Salalla alahi wasalam) said; “Reflect upon the creation and do not reflect upon Allah”.(Silsilaat as-Saheehah No 1788)

The Essence of Shirk in Tawheed al-Asma wa-Sifaat:

Shirk in Tawheed al-Asma wa-Sifaat is to give other than Allah, the qualities (Attributes), which are specific of Allah Alone. For example, amongst the Attributes of Allah is that He is the Knower of the Unseen (Ghayb ) and He alone knows what the heart conceals. Allah says: “Say, ‘None in the Heavens and the earth know the Ghayb (Unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”(Surah Naml Ayah 65). Therefore, to consider someone other than Allah to have the knowledge of the past, future or the Unseen is Shirk (associating partners with Allah). This concept of Tawheed distinguishes Islam from many other religions. Indeed those who have studied comparative religion can very easily realize that, the Jews made their Creator like the creation and the Christians make the creation like the Creator

Posted by Jafar

Categories: Tawheed
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