Home > Fiqh issues, Jihad > Conditions of Jihad (2): Qudra (having capability)

Conditions of Jihad (2): Qudra (having capability)

Allah (Subhanah wa ta’ala says; “So fear Allah as much as you can” (Surah Tagabun Ayah 16)

And he said; “Allah doesn’t burden a soul more than it can bear” (Surah Baqarah Ayah 286)

And Allah said; “O Prophet urge the believers to fight. If  there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you, they will overcome two hundreds and if there are a hundred steadfast persons they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve because they (the disbelievers) are a people who do not understand”.

“Now Allah has lightened your (task), for he knows there is weakness in you. So if there are of you a hundred steaddast persons, they shall overcome two hundreds and if there are a thousand of you ,they shall overcome two thousands with the leave of Allah. And Allah is with As-sabirun”. (The patient) (Surah Anfaal Ayah 65-66)

So Ibn Abi Zamineen (d 399 AH) said; “So in these ayah Allah the Blessed, the Most High ordered the Muslim to have patience against an enemy ten times it size, then He abrogated this and lightened it and removed this as a Mercy to His believing slaves(Qudra Gazee pg 196, The Ability to do Battle)

Abu Muthfara Asamaanee (d 489 AH) said; “In these ayah is the opinion of the majority fuqaha (scholars) that if the kuffar are more than twice their (Muslims) number it is permissible to flee from engaging the enemy because of the saying of Allah “Now Allah has lightened your (task)”. (Surah Anfaal Ayah 66) and because of the saying of Allah Exalted be He said; “And do not throw yourselves into destruction”. (Surah Baqarah Ayah 195). It is also permissible for them to be patient (and engage the enemy) except if they know absolutely that it is not possible to fight them due to lack of ability then in this case it is not permissible to have patience (and engage the enemy and fight) because this is throwing yourselves ont destruction.

And if the kuffar are the same number as them (Muslims) or less, then it is not allowed for them to flee except for strategic reasons such as retreating to a nearby friendly battalion. (End of quote). Tafseer Quraan ul A’theem Vol 2 pg)

Editors comment: Ability is a very important condition which if not met can bring destruction and devastation to the Muslims such as it did when Hamas recently decided to fight the Jewish state and over 1500 muslims were subsequently slaughtered, mostly women and children.

Taken from the book Jihad Anwarnuha wa Ahkaamuha wa had Fasul Baynahu wa bayna Fawda pg 115 Sheikh Hamd Uthmaan

Translated and posted by Jafar

Categories: Fiqh issues, Jihad
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