These Qawaaid (principles) were taken from a book entitled Haqeeqatu Walaa wal Baraa fe Kitaab wa Sunnah Bayna Tareef Ghaleen wa Ta’weel Al Jahileen: The Reality of Allegiance and Disavowalment (disassociation) in the Book and the Sunnah between the distortion of those who go to extremes and the false interpretation of the ignorant, (pg 129). The book was written by Dr Isaam bin Abdullah Asinanee and has been read and introduced by Sheikh Saalih Fawzan al Fawzaan.
Islam the religion that came with al-Baraa from the Kuffar does not prevent an agreement of alliance with the Kuffar or entering under their protection if that has got some benefit for Islam or the Muslims or repelling a greater harm in situations when the Muslims are in a weak situation and are incapable. The Most High said;” Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Auliya instead of the believers and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in anyway, except if you fear a danger from them”. (Surah al-Imraan Ayah 28)
Ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer Vol 1 pg 337,“Whoever fears in certain lands or at certain times from their evil he can show fear to them apparently but not internally”.
Abu Bakr Ibn Arabee said in ahkaam ul quran vol 1 267 concerning the statement of Allah (Subhana wa ta’ala) “Except if they fear a danger from them”. (Surah al-Imraan Ayah 28). There are two sayings concerning this. One of them is if you fear from them help them and ally to them and say whatever will turn away their evil and their harm (you do this) on the apparent, though not with your belief. What makes this clear is the statement of Allah the Most High who said; “Except if he is forced and his heart is at rest with faith”. (Surah Nahl Ayah 106)
The second saying is that what is intended is:except if there is between you and them some relation so you should keep ties to them by giving (gifts etc) As it was narrated from Asmaa (radi Allahu anha) she said to the Prophet (salalla alahi wasalam); “My mother came to me and she is a Mushrik and she wants to see me, should I connect with her?” He said; “Yes connect with her”. (No reference)
Even if this is permissible in the religion it is not a strong meaning of the ayah it is just a benefit (we derive) the first saying is preferred and Allah knows best.
Editors comment: Also another evidence and point of benefit is that the Prophet (salalla alahi wasalam) was protected by his uncle Abi Talib who was a Mushrik and his tribe Bani Hashim some of whom were Kuffar. Imam Bukhari relates in the chapter, ‘The story of Abi Talib’ No 3883. Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib said to the Prophet ; “What did you benefit from your Uncle? He used to protect you and got angry for your sake. He (salalla alahi wasalam) said “He is in a shallow part of the fire and if it was not for me he would very bottom of the hellfire”
Translated by Jafar ibn Ruel Jeffrey