Home > 1, Tawheed > A summary of A clarification on the meaning of the words ‘Shadow of Allah’ that which has been promised to the believers part one

A summary of A clarification on the meaning of the words ‘Shadow of Allah’ that which has been promised to the believers part one


A summary of

A clarification on the meaning of the words

‘Shadow of Allah’ that which has been promised to the believers

By Shaykh Rabee’ bin Haadee bin Umayr al-Mudkhali

[25/7/1427]

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

All praise is due to Allah and may Allaah’s Peace and Blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance

To proceed:

There has arisen a need to explain the meaning of the hadeeth “Seven those whom Allah will shade with His shadow” as many questions have been asked to me about its meaning. So I saw necessary for me to explain the meaning behind the statement of the Prophet, reconciled with other narrations from him and from principles that have been sent within the Shariah that have been derived from the Quran and the Sunnah.

I ask Allah to make it beneficial for me and my Muslim brothers.

The text of the narration:

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah [May Allaah be Pleased with him] that the Messenger of Allah [May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Seven Allah will shade in his shade on a day when there will be no shade except His: a just ruler, and a young man who grew up worshipping Allah, and a man whose heart is connected to the masjid, a two mean who love each other for the sake of Allah and they meet and separate for His sake, and a man who is called by a woman who has status and beauty and the man says, ‘Verily, I fear Allah’, and a man who gives in charity hiding it to the extent that the left hand doesn’t know what the right hand has given, and a man who remembers Allah in privacy until he cries or weeps”

Narrated by Bukhari: Chapter of giving Athaan: who sits in the masjid waiting for the congregational prayer (660) and (1423) and (6806); Muslim: Chapter of Zakah: the virtue of giving Zakah in private (1031); Timidhi: Chapter of asceticism: to love for the sake of Allah (2391); Ahmad (9665) and others

So what is meant by the meaning of the statement: “Seven Allah will shade in his shade on a day when there will be no shade except His…”?

The Answer: The shadow mentioned in the hadeeth is talking about the shadow of the throne and the name of Allah has been connected to this shade for the purpose of honour, as it occurs with other nouns from the creation of Allah, for example:

The statement of Allah, the Most High:

“That is the she-camel of Allah!”  [Ash-Shams 91:13]

The statement of Allah, the Most High:

“…that they should purify My House (the Ka’bah at Makkah)” [Al-Baqarah 2: 125]

The statement of Allah, the Most High:

“Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is the Messenger of Allah…” [Al-Fath 48: 29]

The statement of Allah, the Most High:

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] Who took His slave” [Al-Isra 17:1]

So here the she-camel, the house or the Ka’bah, the Messenger [May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him], and all of those things that have been mentioned in the Quran that have been connected to the name of Allah from His creation are all connected to His name to bring about honour for those mentioned things.

Here I must point out some important principles which are compulsory to understand if someone wants to understand the statements of Allah or His Messenger [Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him]:

From them is the principle that has been mentioned by Shaykh al-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah in pointing out the understanding of those things that have been connected to the name of Allah. It is necessary for the one who wants to understand these things whilst affirming Tawheed and whatever is connected to it, because by doing this one will understand it properly and the one who doesn’t do this will fall into mistakes in regards to his knowledge and understanding.

The shaykh (May Allah have mercy on him) said: “…The Messenger of Allah said [May the Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, ‘A wind from the wind of Allaah’[1] , meaning from the wind that Allah has created.

So here the wind has been connected to the name of Allaah to illustrate the dominion of Allah, not to attribute it to Allaah Himself or His Attributes, because something that can stand by itself can’t be attributed to Allah. So in this instance the wind is part of the dominion that belongs to Allah, had this been an attribute that is not able to stand by itself then it would be an Attribute of Allah.

For example the saying of Allah:

“That is the she-camel of Allah!”  [Ash-Shams 91:13]

And His saying:

“…then We sent to her Our Ruh…” [Maryam 19: 17]

And His saying:

“And Maryam (Mary), the daughter of ‘Imran who guarded her chastity. And We breathed into (the sleeve of her shirt or her garment) through Our Ruh [i.e. Jibril (Gabriel) ]….” [Tahreem 66:12]

I say:

These things that have been mentioned in the ayaat above are examples of things that are nouns and are able to stand for themselves so they have been attributed to Allah for the illustration of His dominion. Or it can be said that they have been attributed to Allah for the purpose of honour for these things but it is definitely not an attribute that is being attributed to the description of Allah.

Translated by Ariff Ollah


[1] Narrated by Abu Dawood (5097), Ibn Majah (3727), Ahmad (7619); classed as Hasan by Imam an-Nawawi (Al-Athkaar 232) and Ibn Hajar (Al-Fatoohaat al-Rabaaniyyah 4/272) and Classed as Saheeh by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abu Dawood

Advertisements
Categories: 1, Tawheed
  1. No comments yet.
  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: