Home > Fiqh issues > The Islamic ruling regarding the pilgrim who stoned the Jimaar before Zawal and then Departed

The Islamic ruling regarding the pilgrim who stoned the Jimaar before Zawal and then Departed



The Islamic ruling regarding the pilgrim who stoned the Jimaar before Zawaal and then departed.?

I [Salih, the son of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal] asked my father,  at what time should one stone the Jimaar[1] [during the days of Tashreeq[2]]?

He [Imam Ahmad] responded:  After Zawaal[3].

I [Salih], then asked my father:  what if the pilgrim stoned the (Jimaar) three sites before Zawaal?

Imam Ahmed responded: He must stone the (Jimaar) three sites once again.

I [Salih], then asked my father what if the pilgrim has departed after stoning the three sites before Zawaal.

Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal responded:  whoever omitted stoning the( Jimaar) the three sites after Zawaal [during the days of Tashreeq] must  sacrifice an animal [and distribute it amongst the needy of Makkah].[4]


[1] Translator`s Note: The Jimaar consists of three sites which are stoned during the rituals of Hajj. The first being Jamrah al-Kubra, which is the closest to al-Khayf, the second site is known as Jamrah al-Wusta and the third site is known as Jamrah al-Aqabah which it is the last of the Jimaar and the closest  one to Makkah. A common mistake amongst some pilgrims is that they perceive the Jimaar as the three devils, Shayaateen. This is a grave error as they are not the devils (Shayaateen) but designated sites for stoning. The pilgrims should be made aware of this. The act of stoning the Jimaar is obligatory (Waajib) during Hajj and there is a consensus amongst the scholars regarding this because it was practiced by the Messenger of Allah, may the praise and peace of Allah descend upon him. The wisdom for stoning the Jimaar as mentioned by the people of knowledge is that it is a symbolic act of the pilgrims resistance to the devil and its temptations by seeking the aid of Allah, the Most High and glorifying Him. It also represents following the example of the Messenger Ibrahim, his son Ismail and his wife, may the peace of Allah descend upon them all.

[2] Translator’s note: The days of Tashreeq are three, 11th 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah after the day of an-Nahr, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah. These days are known as Tashreeq because in the past the pilgrims and others would sacrifice animals during these days. They would cut the meat of their sacrifices for Allah, the Most High, into strips and leave them to dry in the sun. The 11th of Dhul-Hijjah is known as the day of al-Qar because of the obligation [Wujoob] upon the pilgrims to reside in Minaa and take it as a place of residence. The 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah are known as the days of an-Nafar, due to the permissibility for the pilgrim to take the concession to hasten to leave in two days from Minaa if the pilgrim wishes to do so, refer to Surah al-Baqarah, Ayah no: 203.

[3] Translator’s note: The sun’s zenith at midday.

[4] Translator’s note: Stoning on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah is to be done after the pilgrim has left Muzdalifah and upon arrival at Minaa, after sunrise until the evening . Also on this day only Jamrah al-Aqabah is to be stoned with seven pebbles consecutively. On the days of Tashreeq the Jimaar, all three sites are to be stoned after Zawaal only, as practiced by the Messenger of Allah, may the praise and peace of Allah descend upon him. For evidence for this refer to the Musnad of Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal, Hadeeth no: 2635, Volume 4, page 386, with the checking of Shuaib ar-Naoot & Aadil Murshid. The chain of this narration is Hasan. The reason for translating this fatwa by Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal into English is that currently there  are some people who have given fatwa that it is permissible to stone the Jimaar during the days of Tashreeq before Zawaal. The illustrious Imams of Ahlus-Sunnah of this time: Ibn Baaz, Al-Albani and Ibn Uthaimeen did not permit stoning of the Jimaar during the days of Tashreeq before Zawaal. Our sheikh, the Muhadeeth of Makkah, Wasiullah Abbas also strongly opposes stoning before Zawaal during the days of Tashreeq and openly refutes this in his Fataawa whilst teaching at al-Haramul-al-Makki. When I was granted, by Allah the opportunity to do Hajj with the Muhadeeth of Makkah, Wasiullah Abbas he suggested to me that something should be translated into English in relation to this. An excellent book illustrated on this subject that may be referred to is: ‘Hukm Ramyil-al-Jimaar qabla Az-Zawaal, by Dr. Al-Waleed bin Abdir-Rahman bin Muhammad Aale Fariyyan, lecturer at the Faculty of Shairah, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

 

Reference masaail of Imaam Ahmad narrated on the authority of his son Imaam Abu Fadal Salih bin Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal page 118 Issue no 450

Transalated by Zulfikar Ibrahim

 

 

 

 

 

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