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Evidence for wiping over normal socks and shoes


Definition of a normal sock or a covering for the foot

The author of al-Qaamoos said: jawrab (socks) means something that is wrapped around the feet.

Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said: jawrab means a thin cover for the feet made of wool (or any other material that is similar), worn to keep the feet warm.

Tasaakheen (or a covering of a foot) refers to that which is used to keep the feet warm, such as leather socks and ordinary socks.

(See: Aaridat-ul-Ahwadhee (1/149); An-Nihaayah (2/352; 3/244); Jaami`-ul-Usool (7/171); Fath Dhil-Jalaal wal-Ikraam (1/387)

Evidence for wiping over normal socks and shoes

It was narrated that al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ and wiped over his socks and shoes.”

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 92; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 86)

It was narrated that Yahyaa al-Bakka’ said: I heard Ibn ‘Umar saying, “Wiping over the socks (jawrabayn) is like wiping over the leather slippers (khuffayn).”

Al-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/173

Al-Mugheerah ibn Shu`bah (May Allaah be Pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performed Wudoo’ and wiped over the socks and slippers.”
Authenticated by At-Tirmidhee (99), Ibn Khuzaimah (198), Ibn Hibbaan (1338)

Its authenticity was alluded to by Ibn Daqeeq Al-`Eed (Al-Imaam, 2/203), `Alee Al-Qaaree (Al-Mirqaah, 523) Al-Buhootee (Kashshaaf-ul-Qinaa`, 1/260-261) and others.

 

Thaubaan (May Allaah be Pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent forth troops who were then afflicted with cold. So the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) instructed them to wipe over their turbans and socks.”

 

Authenticated by Al-Haakim (1/169), An-Nawawee (474), Ibn `Abdil-Haadee (Al-Muharrar, 71), Adh-Dhahabee (As-Siyar, 4/491) and others.

 

Evidence from the actions of the companions

 

It was narrated that Yahyaa al-Bakka’ said: I heard Ibn ‘Umar saying, “Wiping over the socks (jawrabayn) is like Wiping over the leather socks (khuffayn).” AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

‘Umar made wudhu’ on the day of al-Jumu’ah, and he wiped over his socks and sandals. AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

‘Ali urinated, then made wudhu’ and wiped over his socks and sandals. AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

Anas used to wipe over the socks. AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

From Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas and Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab, that they saw no problem with wiping over the socks. AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

Anas ibn Malik made wudhu’ and wiped over fine woolen socks. AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

Ibrahim [an-Nakha’i] said: “Socks and sandals are in the same category as khuffs.” AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab and al-Hasan [al-Basri] both said: “He wipes over the socks if they are thick.” AI-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/171-3

 

Qataadah narrated from Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be Pleased with him) that he used to wipe over his socks, and that he said: “Yes, it should be wiped upon, just like leather socks.”

 

Authenticated by Al-Albaanee (Al-Mash `alal-Jaurabayn, p.54) and Zakariyyaa Al-Baakistaanee (Aathaar-us-Sahaabah, 1/134)

 

There are other supporting narrations from him one of which was authenticated by Mughultaaee (Sharh Ibn Maajah, 1/663), Ahmad Shaakir (Al-Mash `alal-Jawrabayn, p.13; Sunan-ut-Tirmidhee, 1/215) and Zakariyyaa Al-Baakistaanee (Aathaar-us-Sahaabah, 1/134).

 

Khaalid ibn Sa`d and others narrated that Aboo Mas`ood Al-Ansaaree (may Allaah be Pleased with him) used to wipe over his socks of fur, and over his slippers.

 

Authenticated by Al-Mubaarakfooree (Tuhfat-ul-Ahwadhee, 1/329) and Al-`Azeem’aabaadee (Al-`Awn, 1/188, D. Al-Kutub-ul-`Ilmiyyah ed.).

 

Other companions have also been mentioned in Musannaf Ibn ash-Shaybah such as Abu Mas`ood Al-Ansaari, Baraa bin `Aazib and `Uqbah bin `Amr (May Allaah be Pleased with them all)

 

Ibn Munthir mentioned nine companions (May Allaah be Pleased with them all) who performed wiping over non-leather socks Tuhfat-ul-Ahwazi, Vol. 1, Pg. 277

 

Statements of the scholars accepting the validity of wiping over leather and non-leather socks

Imam Tirmidhi has a chapter in his sunan entitled:

What has been narrated regarding wiping over the socks (jawrabayn) and the sandals.

It was narrated that al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ and wiped over his socks and shoes.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 92; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 86)

Abu ‘Isa at-Tirmidhi said:

This is a hasan sahih hadith, and it is the saying of more than one of the people of knowledge. It is the saying of Sufyan ath-Thawri, Ibn al-Mubarak, ash-Shafi’ee, Ahmad and Ishaq.

 

They said: The jawrabayn are wiped over even if they are worn without sandals, as long as they are thick.

He [i.e. at-Tirmidhi] said: And it is narrated in this regard from Abu Musa.

Abu ‘Isa [at-Tirmidhi] said: I heard Salih ibn Muhammad at-Tirmidhi say: I heard Abu Muqatil as-Samarqandi saying: I entered on Abu Hanifah while he was in the illness from which he died. He called for water to be brought, and he made wudhu’, and he was wearing jawrabayn and he wiped over them. He said: I have done today something that I did not use to do. I wiped over the jawrabayn and they are not made from leather or have leather soles.

Ibn Hazm said: wiping over anything that is worn on the feet – of things that are permitted to be worn and which come up above the ankles – is Sunnah, whether they are slippers (khuffayn) made of leather or felt or wood, or socks made of linen, wool, cotton, camel hair or goat hair, whether leather is worn over them or not, or whether they are overshoes or slippers worn over slippers or socks worn over socks.

Al-Muhalla, 1/321

Ibn Hazm continued to state that this was also the opinion of Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Hasan ibn Hay, Abu Yusuf, Muhammad ibn Hasan ash-Shaybaani (the two main students of Imam Abu Hanifah), Abu Thawr, Ahmad ibn Hambal, Ishaaq ibn Raahawaih, Dawood ath-Thaahiri and others

(see Muhalla and also Mash’ ala Jawarabain p 106-107)

Ibn Muntheer in (Awsat 2/119): “People of knowledge differed in the permissing to wipe over socks. And some of them said: Sock to be wiped. It was reported that nine companions of Prophet (Peace be upon him) wiped over socks, from them: Alee ibn Abu Taleeb, Ammar ibn Yaseer, Abu Masood, Anas ibn Malik, Ibn Umar, al-Bara ibn al-Azeeb, Bilal, Abu Umamah, Sahl ibn Sad”

 

Imaam Abu Haneefah and his illustrious students Imaam Abu Yusuf and Imaam Muhammad , masah is only permissible on non-leather socks if they are Thakheen (thick/durable). This is the gist of the Hanafi Mazhab.

See Sharhu Ma`aanil-Aathaar, Vol. 1, Pg. 77 / Hidaayah, Vol. 1, Pg. 61.

 

Imaam Ahmad states regarding wiping do not have a (leather) sole: “If a person is able to walk in them and they remain firm on the feet (without anything to fasten them), then in this case performing masah upon them will be permissible.” Al Mughni, Vol. 1, Pg. 331-334.

 

Imaam Ahmad further explained that it is upon this type of jawrabain that the Sahaabah performed masah, as it closely resembled the khuffain. Al Mughni, Vol. 1, Pg. 331-334.

 

Ibraaheem an-Nakaai’ee was asked shall we leave wiping over the normal socks? He replied: “Leaving it is from Shaytaan” [Musannad ibn Abee Shaybah 1/180]

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) mentioned in al-Majmoo’ (1/502) that even if a person were to wear khuff made of glass, if it were possible to walk in them then it would be permissible to wipe over them, even though the skin beneath them would be visible…

Also see al-Majmoo’ of Imam an-Nawawi, 1/450; al-Ikhtiyaaraat of Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, p. 13

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