Home > Common Misconceptiions, Issues related to the hereafter, day of jugement etc... > The prohibition for one to say that a specific Disbeleiver will be in the fire(except with evidence)

The prohibition for one to say that a specific Disbeleiver will be in the fire(except with evidence)


Al-Barbaharee said in his famous book Sharh us Sunnah (in point number 32 point 37 in eng trans)”Do not bear witness for any of the people of Islam(i.e that he is a person of paradise or of the fire)due to a good or bad deed since you do not know what his final action before his death will be.You hope for Allahs mercy for him and you fear for him due to his sins.You do not know what has been destined for him at the time of his death as regards Repentance and what Allah has destined for that time if he dies upon Islam.You hope for Allah`s mercy for him and you fear for him because of his sins

Sheikh Salih a fawzaan Said commentating on this point”This is the Issue of bearing witness that a specific person is in the paradise or the hell fire.We dont bear witness that a specific person is in Jannah and we dont bear witness for him that he is in the fire except with an evidence from the Book or the Sunnah.As for one  which there is no evidence for that a certain person is from the people of paradise even if he was one of the righteous believers,(we dont say with certainty that he will be in paradise )because we dont know what his last action will be.

Also with regards to specific sinner or a specific Kafir we dont not say with certainty they will be from the people of the fire because he could repent and we dont know.the prophet ” صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “By the One, other than Whom there is no Deity, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it.”verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the fire until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the paradise and thus enters it.”

All of the Actions are Judged by the final Action(alkhawartim) and the final action nobody knows it except Allah Knower of the unseen subhana the most high.but we fear for the people of sins and we have hope for obedient ones and we dont hold certainty for them.We fear for the sinners and we don’t have certainty(that they will be punished).

This is regards to to the specific person as for the people in general We have certainty that the people of Eman(faith) will be from the people of Jannah and we have certainty that the kuffar will be from the people of the hellfire Allah said regarding the fire “prepared for the disbeleivers”(Surah al-imram 131 and he said regarding the paradise “prepared for the muttaqeen“(surah Al-imran  133)

Taken from the book Ihtaaf al-qari bil taliqaat ala sharh us Sunnah,sheikh Fawzaan volume one page page 243

Translated by Jafar Jeffrey

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